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 您所在的位置:天津中公考研 > 备考资料 > 考研试题 > 2021全国硕士研究生考试考研英语二部分试题及答案

2021全国硕士研究生考试考研英语二部分试题及答案

发布日期:2021-04-09 17:34:46  来源:天津中公考研

  【导言】2021考研初试已结束,天津中公考研网在考研初试后及时为各位考研考生梳理"2021全国硕士研究生考试考研英语部分试题及答案"内容,中公考研各研究院院长针对2021考研初试试题进行试题变化及难度解析,供考生参考。关于天津考研免费复习资料、天津考研复试信息等内容欢迎访问天津研究生招生信息网。

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  Section I Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  It’s not difficult to set targets for staff. It is much harder, 1 , to understand their negative consequences. Most work-related behaviors have multiple components. 2 one and the others become distorted.

  Travel on a London bus and you’ll 3 see how this works with drivers. Watch people get on and show their tickets. Are they carefully inspected? Never. Do people get on without paying? Of course! Are there inspectors to 4 that people have paid? Possibly, but very few. And people who run for the bus? They are 5 . How about jumping lights? Buses do so almost as frequently as cyclists.

  Why? Because the target is 6 . People complained that buses were late and infrequent. 7 , the number of buses and bus lanes were increased, and drivers were 8 or punished according to the time they took. And drivers hit these targets. But they 9 hit cyclists. If the target was changed to 10 , you would have more inspectors and more sensitive pricing. If the criterion changed to safety, you would get more 11 drivers who obeyed traffic laws. But both these criteria would be at the expense of time.

  There is another 12 : people became immensely inventive in hitting targets. Have you 13 that you can leave on a flight an hour late but still arrive on time? Tailwinds? Of course not! Airlines have simply changed the time a 14 is meant to take. A one-hour flight is now ballad as a two-hour flight.

  The 15 of the story is simple. Most jobs are multidimensional, with multiple criteria. Choose one criterion and you may well 16 others. Everything can be done faster and made cheaper, but there is a 17 . Setting targets can and does have unforeseen negative consequences.

  This is not an argument against target-setting. But it is an argument for exploring consequences first. All good targets should have multiple criteria 18 critical factors such as time, money, quality and customer feedback. The trick is not only to 19 just one or even two dimensions of the objective, but also to understand how to help people better 20 the objective.

  1. [A] therefore [B] however [C] again [D] moreover

  2. [A] Emphasize [B] Identify [C] Assess [D] Explain

  3. [A] nearly [B] curiously [C] eagerly [D] quickly

  4. [A] claim [B] prove [C] check [D] recall

  5. [A] threatened [B] ignored [C] mocked [D] blamed

  6. [A] punctuality [B] hospitality [C] competition [D] innovation

  7. [A] Yes [B] So [C] Besides [D] Still

  8. [A] hired [B] trained [C] rewarded [D] grouped

  9. [A] only [B] rather [C] once [D] also

  10. [A] comfort [B] revenue [C] efficiency [D] security

  11. [A] friendly [B] quiet [C] cautious [D] diligent

  12. [A] purpose [B] problem [C] prejudice [D] policy

  13. [A] reported [B] revealed [C] admitted [D] noticed

  14. [A] break [B] trip [C] departure [D] transfer

  15. [A] moral [B] background [C] style [D] form

  16. [A] interpret [B] criticize [C] sacrifice [D] tolerate

  17. [A] task [B] secret [C] product [D] cost

  18. [A] leading to [B] calling for [C] relating to [D] accounting for

  19. [A] specify [B] predict [C] restore [D] create

  20. [A] modify [B] review [C] present [D] achieve

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